Unconscious psychology dating
Humanism rejected the assumptions of the behaviorist perspective which is characterized as deterministic, focused on reinforcement of stimulus-response behavior and heavily dependent on animal research.Humanistic psychology also rejected the psychodynamic approach because it is also deterministic, with unconscious irrational and instinctive forces determining human thought and behavior.For example, diary accounts, open-ended questionnaires, unstructured interviews and unstructured observations.Qualitative research is useful for studies at the individual level, and to find out, in depth, the ways in which people think or feel (e.g. The way to really understand other people is to sit down and talk with them, share their experiences and be open to their feelings.Therefore, its contributions are limited to areas such as therapy, abnormality, motivation and personality.A possible reasons for this lack of impact on academic psychology perhaps lies with the fact that humanism deliberately adopts a non-scientific approach to studying humans.Both behaviorism and psychoanalysis are regarded as dehumanizing by humanistic psychologists.Humanistic psychology expanded its influence throughout the 1970s and the 1980s.
In many ways the rejection of scientific psychology in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s was a backlash to the dominance of the behaviorist approach in North American psychology.Both Rogers and Maslow regarded personal growth and fulfillment in life as a basic human motive.This means that each person, in different ways, seeks to grow psychologically and continuously enhance themselves.Humanism views human beings as fundamentally different from other animals, mainly because humans are conscious beings capable of thought, reason and language.For humanistic psychologists’ research on animals, such as rats, pigeons, or monkeys held little value.
Humanistic, humanism and humanist are terms in psychology relating to an approach which studies the whole person, and the uniqueness of each individual.